Human coronaviruses1 are common throughout the world. Human coronaviruses commonly cause mild to moderate illness. Two newer human coronaviruses, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, have been known to cause severe illness. A novel coronavirus, COVID-19 (formerly 2019-nCoV), emerged in 2019 and is causing concern.
What is COVID-19 acute respiratory disease (COVID-19)?2
What are the healthcare infection control precautions for COVID-19?3
Although the transmission dynamics have yet to be determined, CDC currently recommends a cautious approach to patients under investigation for COVID-19:
What hand hygiene products are effective against COVID-19?
For North America: Washing your hands often with soap and water is one of the best ways to avoid transmission of emerging pathogens. The World Health Organization recommends performing hand hygiene with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available. The US Food and Drug Administration regulates claims on both medicated, antimicrobial soaps and on alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Claims related to efficacy against viruses are not allowed on any medicated, antimicrobial soaps nor on any alcohol-based hand sanitizers in the United States.
For Europe: For those residing in Europe, recommendations are performing hand hygiene by routinely washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based handrub (ABHR) with a specific claim for efficacy against enveloped viruses is one of the best ways to avoid transmission of emerging pathogens. For Ecolab related products in Europe, please follow this link: https://en-uk.ecolab.com/articles/2020/01/a-novel-coronavirus. All recommended products are compliant with EN14476 or have limited spectrum activity against vaccinia virus according to EN 14476.
What disinfectants are effective against COVID-19?
For North America: COVID-19 is caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus. The EPA has developed the “Guidance to Registrants: Process for making claims against emerging viral pathogens not on EPA-registered disinfectant labels”.6 This document provides general guidance to disinfectant manufacturers and addresses public concerns on a process that can be used to identify effective disinfectants for use against emerging viral pathogens. It permits manufacturers to make limited claims about their product’s efficacy against such pathogens once the EPA confirms the product meets the eligibility criteria outlined in the guidance. For a full range of products provided by Ecolab in North America, visit this link: https://www.ecolab.com/articles/2020/01/a-novel-coronavirus.
The products and services listed in this meet the criteria for claims against emerging viral pathogens and therefore can be used against 2019 Novel Coronavirus when used in accordance with the directions for use against the listed supporting virus on hard, non-porous surfaces.
For Europe: Disinfection of hard, non-porous surfaces is key to maintaining a safe environment, preventing the transmission of emerging pathogens. For a full range of products provided by Ecolab in Europe, visit this link: https://en-uk.ecolab.com/articles/2020/01/a-novel-coronavirus
All recommended products are compliant with EN 14476 or have limited spectrum activity against vaccinia virus according to EN 14476. Additionally, Bioquell has decontamination options that are effective compliant with European regulatory guidelines. For example:
What work is still ongoing?
For More Information:
World Health Organization, Coronavirus: www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coronavirus Summary. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019 Novel Coronavirus. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/summary.html
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Interim Healthcare Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients Under Investigation for 2019 Novel Coronavirus. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/infection-control.html
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hospital Preparedness Checklist for Suspected or Confirmed 2019-nCoV Patients. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/hcp-hospital-checklist.html
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Options for Evaluating Environmental Cleaning. www.cdc.gov/HAI/toolkits/Evaluating-Environmental-Cleaning.html
6. Environmental Protection Agency, Emerging Viral Pathogen Guidance for Antimicrobial Pesticides. www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/emerging-viral-pathogen-guidance-antimicrobial-pesticides