Accident and Emergency Department (A&E)
The Accident and Emergency department (A&E) is one of the main gateways to a hospital and infections are the reason for a significant proportion of visits to this department, particularly in the paediatric/young population. One of the most frequent presentations in A&E is of a child with fever.
Patients can carry a wide range of transmissible pathogens such as the influenza virus, norovirus, rotavirus, etc. Some individuals may also be carriers of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms such as MRSA or VRE, blood-borne viruses such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or airborne diseases such as tuberculosis. A&E may also see patients with emerging or bioterrorism-related infectious diseases, for example, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the plague, anthrax, avian influenza A(H5N1) and measles. Hospital emergency departments are key strategic places for managing this type of crisis.
Community-acquired infections in both children and adults are evaluated primarily in the emergency department, where the spectrum of disease includes myriad benign infections as well as occasional life-threatening conditions. Emergency department practitioners also have unusually high exposure to a number of communicable infectious diseases.
Many factors contribute to the risk of transmission of infections to staff and patients in the emergency department, in particular the high proportion of vulnerable patients, such as immunocompromised patients and elderly persons. The risk of transmission of infections can be further compounded by a whole host of additional factors including hospital overcrowding, delays in implementing additional precautions, cohorting and crowding patients together with transmissible infections, movement and transfer of patients from one area to another in the emergency department, deficiencies in building design and infrastructure,inadequate staff training and shortages of personal protective equipment.
Bioquell can offer a range of solutions to help with successful infection control and management. After the discharge of an infectious patient, our gold standard HPV technology can be used to eradicate all pathogens on surfaces and in the healthcare environment. This can also be successfully employed as a regular service at 'quieter'/overnight times to help maintain a clean and pathogen-free workplace. And Bioquell Pods can be erected to create a suite of flexible siderooms so that suspected infectious patients can be segregated.